Wednesday, December 31, 2014

Important Days (January)

Jan. 1                          :-    World Peace Day, Global Family Day.

Jan. 9                          :-    NRI Day/ Pravasiya Bharatiya Divas.

Jan. 12                        :-    National Youth Day.

Jan. 15                        :-    Army Day

Jan. 23                        :-    S.C. Birth Anniversary.

Jan. 26                        :-    India's Republic Day, International Customs Day.

Jan. 25                        :-    National Voter's Day.

Jan. 30                        :-    Martyrs' Day; World Leprosy Eradication Day/Sarvodaya day.


Important Days (February)

2nd Sunday of February: - World Marriage Day.

Feb. 1                          :-    Coast Guard Day, Postal Life Insurance Day.

Feb. 2                          :-    World Wetlands Day, Sri Lanka's National Day

Feb. 4                          :-    World Cancer day.

Feb. 6                          :-    J&K Day, Ravidas Anniversary

Feb. 12                        :-    Productivity Day (Indian Tourism Development Cooperation) Rose Day.

Feb. 9                          :-    Safe Internet Day

Feb. 13                        :-    Sarojini Naidu Birthday.

Feb. 20                        :-    Arunachal Pradesh Day, Mizoram Day.

Feb. 20                        :-    Love your pet Day.

Feb. 21                        :-    International Mother Language Day

Feb. 21                        :-    International Mother Language Day. It was proclaimed by UNESCO's General Conference in November 1999. The International Day has been observed every year since February 2000 to promote linguistic and cultural diversity and multilingualism.

Feb. 24                        :-    Central Excise Duty Day.

Feb. 28                        :-    National Science Day. The day is observed to mark the novel discovery of Raman Effect by the great Indian physicist, Sir C.V. Raman, On 28 February, 1928. The basic objective of observation of National Science Day is to spread the message of importance of science and its application among the people.

Feb. 29                        :-    National Day, Birth Anniversary of Morarji Desai.

Feb. 22                        :     World Day Robert Baden Powell 1908 in England.


Important Days (March)

2nd Monday of March:-   Commonwealth Day.

March 3                      :-    National Defence Day.

March 4                      :-    National Safety Day/World Day of the Fight against Sexual Exploitation.

March 4                      :-    World book Day

March 8                      :-    International Women Day, Literary day.

March 15                    :-    World Consumer Day; World Disabled Day.

March 16                    :-    National Vaccination Day

March 18                    :-    Ordnance Factories Day (India).

March 19                    :-    World Disabled Day

March 20                    :-    Social Empowerment Memorial Day.

March 21                    :-    World Forestry Day; International Day for the Elimination of Racial Discrimination. On that day, in 1960, police opened fire and killed 69 people at a peaceful demonstration in Sharpeville, South Africa against the apartheid pass laws. Proclaiming the Day in 1966, the General Assembly called on the International Community to redouble its efforts to eliminate all forms of racial discrimination.

March 21                    :-    International Day for the Elimination of Racial Discrimination

March 22                    :-    World Water Day. This year's theme is coping with water scarcity. It highlights the increasing significance of water scarcity worldwide and the need to step up integration and cooperation to ensure sustainable, efficient and equitable management of water resources.

March 23                    :-    World Meteorological Day, Health Day.

March 24                    :-    World T.B. Day

March 25                    :-    International Day for the Commemoration of the Abolition of the Transatlantic Slave Trade. The commemoration of 200th anniversary of the abolition of the Transatlantic Slave Trade also serves as a reminder that contemporary forms of slavery such as human trafficking, forced prostitution, forced and bonded labour etc.

March 26                    :-    Bangladesh Liberation Day


Important Days (April)

April 2                        :-    World Autism Awareness.

April 4                        :-    Assistance in Mine.

April 5                        :-    International Day for Mine Awareness.

April 5                        :-    National Maritime Day

April 7                        :-    World Health Day

April 10                      :-    Water Resources Day.

April 11                      :-    Janani Suraksha Day

April 13                      :-    Jalianwallah Bagh Massacre Day (1919)

April 14                      :-    Fire Extinguishing Day / Dr. B. R. Ambedkar Remembrance Day

April 17                      :-    World Hemophilia Day

April 18                      :-    World Heritage Day

April 21                      :-    Secretaries' Day.

April 22                      :-    World Earth Day.

April 23                      :-    World Books and Copyright Day(UNESCO).

April 24                      :-    National Panchayat Day / Manav Ekta Divas

April 26                      :-    World Intellectual Property Day.

April 25                      :-    World Malaria Day


Important Days (May)

May 1                         :-    May Day. (May Day is recognized as the International Workers Holiday, chosen over 100 year ago to commemorate the struggles and gains of workers and the Labour Movement).

May 1                         :-    World Asthma Day.

May 3                         :-    World Press Freedom Day. (Proclaimed by the UN General Assembly in 1993, the day is celebrated as the anniversary of the Declaration of Windhoek, a Statement of free press principles put together by African newspaper journalists in 1991. International Sunday) / World Asthma Day / International Energy Day

May 4                         :-    Coal Miners Day.

May 6                         :-    World Laughter Day. (It takes place on the first Sunday in May. The first celebration was on January 11, 1998, in Mumbai, India, and was arranged by Dr. Madan Kateria, founder of the worldwide Laughter Yoga movement).

May 8                         :-    World Red Cross Day. (May 8 is the birth anniversary of Henry Dunant, the founder of the Red Cross. In 1984, it became "World Red Cross and Red Crescent Day").

May 8                         :-    World Thalassaemia Day.

May 11                       :-    World Information Society Day.

May 11                       :-    National Technology Day.

May 12                       :-    International Nurses Day. (May 12 is the birth anniversary of Florence Nightingale, who is widely considered the founder of modern nursing. 1854 Crimean war).

May 12                       :-    World Migratory Bird Day

May 12                       :-    World Fair Trade Day. (It is celebrated every second Saturday of May. This year's theme is "Kids and Fair Trade").

May 12                       :-    World Hypertension Day; International Nurses Day.

May 13                       :-    Mother's Day. (The dates and months of Mother's Day differ from country to country. Most of the countries celebrate in on second Sunday of May).

May 15                       :-    International Family day.

May 16                       :-    Journalism Day

May 17                       :-    World Telecommunication Day

May 21                       :-    Anti-terrorism Day. (The death anniversary of former Prime Minister Rajeev Gandhi)

May 21                       :-    World Day for Cultural Diversity for Dialogue and Development

May 22                       :-    International Day for Biological Diversity. (From 1993-2000, it was celebrated on December 29. In December 2000, the date was shifted to May 22, to commemorate the adoption of the Convention in 1992 at the Rio Earth Summit).

May 24                       :-    World Schizophrenia Awareness Day.

May 24                       :-    Commonwealth Day.

May 28                       :-    World Hunger Day

May 29                       :-    Mount Everest Day

May 31                       :-    World No Tobacco Day


Important Days (June)

June 3                         :-    Fathers Day

June 4                         :-    International Day of Innocent Children victims of Aggression

June 5                         :-    World Environment Day (established by the UN General Assembly in 1972 to mark the opening of the Stockholm Conference on the Human Environment). UN also created United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) on the same day in 1972. Slogan for 2007. "Melting Ice – A Hot Topic".

June 8                         :-    World Ocean Day (created in 1992 at the UN Conference on Environment and Development, also known as the Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro). This year's theme is "Oceans…. only a river!".

June 12                       :-    World Day Against Child Labour (launched by ILO in 2002 as a means of raising the visibility of the problem and highlighting the global movement of eliminate child labour).

                                          Slogan for 2007: "Elimination of child labour in agriculture".

June 14                       :-    World Blood Donor Day. (birthday of Karl) Land Steiner who discovered the ABO blood group in 1900 and 1901 and received the Nobel Prize in 1930.)

                                          Theme for 2007: "Safe blood for Safe Motherhood".

June 14                       :-    International World Donation Day.

June 15                       :-    World Elder Abuse Awareness Day (Launched on June 15, 2006).

June 17                       :-    Father' Day. (Celebrated on every third Sunday in June).

June 17                       :-    World Day to Combat Desertification and Drought. (Adopted by UN in 1994). This year's theme is: "Desertification and climate change – One Global Challenge".

June 18                       :-    Goa Liberation Day

June 20                       :-    World Refugee Day (adopted b UN General Assembly on December 4, 2000 to celebrate the 50th anniversary of the "1951 Convention relating to the Status of Refugees").

June 23                       :-    International Olympic Day.

June 26                       :-    International Day against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking. (Adopted by UN in 1987). In 1997, United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) was founded. The slogan for 2007: "Do drugs control you life? You life. Your community. No place for drugs."

June 27                       :-    World Diabetes day.

June 18                       :-    Poor's Day


Important Days (July)

July 1                          :-    Doctors Day. (Doctors Day came into being in 1991. When the Government of India recognized July 1, the birth as well as death anniversary of Dr. Bidhan Chandra Roy, as Doctor's Day. He was the second Chief Minister of West Bengal.

July 4                          :-    American Independence Day. (In the United States, Independence Day (Commonly known as the fourth of July) commemorates the adoption of the Declaration of Independence on July 4, 1776, declaring Independence from the Kingdom of Great Britain).

July 11                        :-    World Population Day. (An annual event started by United Nations Population Fund that celebrates the data when the world's population reached 5 billion (11 July, 1987). By the end of 2007, 73 million people will be added to the planet, and by the year 2050, the United Nations projects that the world's population will be between 7.8 and 10.5 billion).

July 12                        :-    Malala Day

July 20                        :-    World Hepatitis day.

July 22                        :-    National Flag Adoption Day. (The Constituent Assembly which drew up the Constitution of India, adopted, on 22 July 1947, the tricolor as Independence India's National Flag)

July 26                        :-    Vijay Divas. (It is observed on 26 July to mark the victory in the Kargil war. It was on this day in 1999, that the operations to flush Pakistani intruders in the inhospitable heights of the Kargil Sector in Jammu and Kashmir were formally declared to be over).

July 27                        :-    Parents Day


Important Days (August)


August 1                     :-    World Breast Feeding Day

August 3                     :-    Friendship Day (First Sunday of August)

August 4                     :-    Heart Transplantation Day

August 6                     :-    Hiroshima Day

August 8                     :-    Sanskrit Day

August 8                     :-    World Senior Citizen's Day

August 9                     :-    Quit India Day, Nagasaki Day

August 12                   :-    International Youth Day

August 15                   :-    Indian Independence Day, Korea, Congo, Liechtenstein and India celebrate their Independence Day on August 15

August 18                   :-    International Day of the World's Indigenous Peoples.

August 19                   :-    World Photography Day

August 20                   :-    Sadbhavna Divas, World Mosquito Day.

August 24                   :-    National Sanskrit day.

August 29                   :-    Sports Day (Dhyanchand's Birthday)

August 30                   :-    Small Industry Day.


Important Days (September)

September 2               :-    Coconut Day

September 5               :-    Teacher's Day, Sanskrit Day

September 7               :-    Forgiveness Day

September 8               :-    International Literacy Day (UNESCO)

September 10             :-    World Suicide Prevention Day.

September 14             :-    Hindi Diwas, World First Aid Day

September 15             :-    Engineer's Day / International Day of Democracy

September 16             :-    World Ozone Day.

September 21             :-    Alzheimer's Day; Day for Peace & Non-violence (UN)

September 21             :-    International Day of Peace

September 22             :-    Rose Day (Welfare of Cancer Patients)

September 25             :-    Social Justice Day

September 26             :-    Day of the Deaf

September 27             :-    World Tourism Day

September 28             :-    International Right to Information Day

September 28             :-    World Rabies Day

September 29             :-    World Heart Day


Important Days (October)

October 1                   :-    National Blood Donation Day.

October 1                   :-    International Day for the Elderly

October 2                   :-    Gandhi Jayanti , Lal Bahadur Shastri Jayanti, World Non-Violence Day.

October 3                   :-    World Habitat Day / Vegetarian Day / World Nature Day

October 4                   :-    World Animal Welfare Day.

October 5                   :-    World Habitat Day, World Teacher's Day

October 6                   :-    World Wildlife Day

October 7                   :-    International Day for Natural Disaster Reduction

October 8                   :-    Indian Air Force Day.

October 9                   :     World Post Office Day / World Sight Day 2014 is on 9 October 2014 (the second Thursday of October)

October 10                 :-    National Post Day, World Mental Day.

October 11                 :-    International Day of the Girl Child.

October 13                 :-    UN International Day for Natural Disaster Reduction

October 14                 :-    World Standards Day

October 15                 :-    World Rural Women Day., World White Cane Day (guiding the blind)

October 16                 :-    World Food Day

October 17                 :-    World Trauma Day / International Poverty Eradication Day

October 20                 :-    National Solidarity Day (China attacked India on that Day)

October 21                 :-    Global Iodine Deficiency Disorder Prevention Day.

October 24                 :-    UN Day; world Development Information Day.

October 30                 :-    World Thrift Day

October 31                 :-    Sardar Patel Birthday / National Integration Day & National Rededication Day


Important Days (November)

November 7-11          :-    Vigilance Awareness Week

November 7               :-    Infant Children Security Day / World Cancer Awareness Day

November 9               :-    National Legal Services Day.

November 10             :-    Transport Day

November 11             :-    Education Day, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad Day

November 12             :-    National Bird Day (Dr. Salim Ali Birthday).

November 14             :-    Children's Day; Diabetes Day. World Diabetes Day

November 16             :-    International Tolerance Day.

November 17             :-    November World Students Day, National Epilepsy Day.

November 18             :-    World Aged Day

November 19             :-    International Citizen Day / World Toilet Day (The World Toilet Organization is a global non-profit organization committed to improving toilet and sanitation conditions worldwide. Founded by Jack Sim in 2001

November 20             :-    Universal Children's Day / Africa Industrialization Day

November 21             :-    World Television Day/World Hello Day.

November 25             :-    International Day of Elimination of Violation against Women.

November 26             :-    Law Day, Constitution was adopted. National Milk Day (Birthday of Verghese Kurien)

November 29             :-    International Day of Solidarity with Palestinian People

November 30             :-    Flag Day.


Important Days (December)

December 1                :-    World AIDS Day

December 2                :-    World Computer Literacy Day / National Pollution Prevention Day

December 3                :-    International Day for Handicapped People / Disabled Person, Birth Day of Dr. Rajendra Prasad Advocate's day is celebrated in India by the lawyer community on the 3rd of December to mark the birth anniversary of Rajendra Prasad, First President and a very eminent lawyer.

December 4                :-    Navy Day, Constitution Day

December 7                :-    Armed Forces Flag Day, Civil Aviation Day.

December 8                :-    SAARC Day

December 9                :-    International Anti-Corruption Day (UN)

December 10              :-    Human Rights Day, Death Anniversary of Alfred Nobel, Nobel Prize is given on this day

December 11              :-    UNICEF Day

December 14              :-    National Energy Conservation Day

December 18              :-    Minorities Rights Day (India)

December 19              :-    Goa's Liberation Day

December 22              :-    National Mathematical Day

December 23           :-    Kisan Divas. (Farmer's Day) Birthday of Chaudhary Charan Singh

December 24              :-    National Consumer Rights Day.

December 25              :-    Birthday of Atal Bihari Vajpayee, celebrated as Good Governors Day



Name, formed in and Headquarters

Member Countries


1.      Amnesty International 1961, London, Peter Benson British Lawyer Current Head (Sahil Shetty) It is also known as Amnesty and Al. it was founded was 28th May 1961 by the lawywer Peter Benson. It was awarded Nobel Prize for peace in 1977, symbol is Candle surrounded by Barbed Wire, headquarter London, Objective Protecting Human Rights, Motto It is better to light a candle than to curse the darkness.

Has more than 11,00,000, members in  more than 156 countries.

To fight for human rights. It won Nobel Prize for Peace in 1977.

2.      ANDEAN Group, 1969 Lima (Peru)

Bolivia, Columbia, Peru, Ecuador and Venezuela

To end trade barriers among member nations and create a common market

3.      ANZUS Council 1951, Canberra (Australia)

Australia, New Zealand and the United States

It is a loose military alliance which is pledged to respond to aggression against any of its members.

4.      Asian and Pacific Council (ASPAC) 1966

Australia, Japan, Malaysia, Taiwan, New Zealand, Philippines, South Korea, South Vietnam and Thailand.

To preserve the member-countries, integrity and sovereignty in the face of external threats.

5.      Asian Development Bank (ADB), 1966 Manila (Philippines)

It has 59 member countries – 43 regional and 16 non-regional members.

To provide concessional credits to needy members.

6.      Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN), 1967, Jakarta (Indonesia)

Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, Brunei, Laos, Burma, Cambodia and Vietnam (10 members)

To accelerate economic progress and maintain the economic stability of South East Asia.

7.      BENELUX Economic Union 1958, Brussels (Belgium)

Belgium, Netherlands and Luxembourg

To achieve complete economic union of its members.

8.      Central Treaty Organization (CENTO), 1955, Ankara (Turkey)

Turkey, Iran, UK, Pakistan and Iraq. USA joined in 1958, Iraq withdrew in 1979.

To provide a defence shield on the northern tier of the Middle East against Soviet penetration. CENTO was known as the Baghdad Pact until 1958.

9.      Council of Europe, 1949, Strasbourg (France)

24 countries

To achieve greater unity among its members regarding the ideals of democracy believed in by them and to facilitate economic and social progress of the member countries.

10.  European Free Trade Association
(EFTA), 1960, Geneva (Switzerland)

UK, Austria, Denmark, Norway, Sweden, Switzerland and Portugal

Its objectives are on the pattern of EEC

11.  European Space Research Organization (ESRO) 1964, Paris (France)

Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, Italy, Netherlands, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and UK

To promote collaboration among European states in space research and technology exclusively for peaceful purposes.

12.  French Community, 1953

Independent members: French Republic. Central African Republic, Republic of Congo, Gabon, Senegal, Chad, Madagascar and Djibouti.

It is an organization like the British Common wealth. It offers to the French overseas territories, new institutions based on the common idea of liberty, equality and fraternity and conceived with a view to their democratic evolution.

13.  International Air Transport Association (IATA), 1945, Montreal (Canada), Geneva (Switzerland) and Singapore.

International airlines and domestic airlines.

To promote safe, regular and economical air transport and to provide a forum for collaboration.

14.  International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC), 1863 Geneva (Switzerland) founded by Henry Dunant & Gustave Moynier. Awarded Nobel Prize for peace thrice in 1917, 1944 & 1963.

       From 1919 onwards, it is known as International Red Cross & Red Crescent Movement.

      Jean Henry Dunant wrote 'A Memory of Solfernio' President Peter Maurer of Switzerland, Symbol changes from Plus to Red Cristal


To organize relief for the victims of war or disaster. Awarded the Nobel Peace Prize (1917, 1944, 1963)

15.  International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL), 1923 Lyons (France)

176 Independent nations and 13 sub-bureaus (dependencies)

To coordinate police activities of member-states.

16.  League of Arab States or Arab League, 1945, Cairo (Egypt)

Algeria, Bahrain, Comoros, Djibouti, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Mauritania, Morocco, Oman, Palestine, L.O., Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Sudan, Syria, Tunisia, UAE, and the Republic of Yemen.

To promote unity among Arabian countries. It is the outcome of a national awakening of the Arabs, following the fall of the Ottoman Empire in the First World War.

17.  North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), 1949, Brussels (Belgium)

Belgium, France, Luxembourg, Netherlands, UK, Canada, Denmark, Iceland, Italy, Norway, Portugal and USA. Greece and Turkey joined in 1952, West Germany in 1953 and Spain in 1982. Poland, Czech Republic, and Hungary joined in 1999. Seven nations, that is, Bulgaria, Slovenia, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Romania, and Slovakia were admitted in 2002. Albania and Croatia joined in 2009, thereby raising the total membership to 28.

The members agreed to settle disputes by peaceful means; to develop their individual and collective capacity to resist armed attack; to regard an attack on one as an attack on all and to take necessary action to repel it under Article 51 to the UN Charter.

18.  Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD); 1961, Paris (France)

Australia, Austria, Belgium. Canada, Denmark. Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Ireland, Mexico, Poland, Slovakia, South Korea, Finland,, France, Greece, Iceland, Italy, Japan, Luxembourg, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Portugal, Spain, Sweden. Switzerland, Turkey, UK and USA.

To achieve the high4est possible economic development in member countries and to raise the standard of living.

19.  African Union (AU), 2002, Addis Ababa (Ethiopia)

53 countries. It replaced the Organization of African Unity (OAU) formed in 1963.

To work for the promotion of democratic principles and institutions, popular participations and good governance. Its charter calls for the creation of an African Central Bank, a Court of Justice, a single currency and a parliament.

20.  Organization of American States (OAS), 1948, Washington DC (USA)

34 American countries with equal rights.

To promote mutual understanding and help among American countries.

21.  Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), Vienna (Austria). Initial headquarter was Geneva in 1960, in 1965 shifted to Vienna

Algeria, Ecuador, Angola, Indonesia (suspended in 2009), Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Venezuela and Ecuador (withdrew its membership in 1993 & rejoined in 2007). Presently 12 members are there. 3/4th of the total oil reserves & production is done by them. World leading oil reserves are in Venezuela followed by Saudi Arabia.

To achieve the highest possible economic development in member countries and to raise the standard of living and to control production and pricing of crude oil. Crude oil prizes are measured in Brent.

22.  South East Asia Treaty Organization (SEATO) 1954, Bangkok (Thailand)

Australia, France, New Zealand, Pakistan, Philippines, Thailand UK & USA. Pakistan withdrew in 1973

To provide for collective defense and economic cooperation in South East-Asia.

23.  World council of Churches (WCC), 1948, Geneva (Switzerland)

Over 330 churches from more than 100 countries (1989).

To promote unity among the different Christian movements.

24.  Colombo Plan, 1950, Colombo (Sri Lanka)

Afghanistan, Australia, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Myanmar, Cambodia, Canada Fiji, India, Indonesia, Iran, Japan. Republic of Korea, Laos People's Democratic Republic, Malaysia, Maldives, Nepal, New Zealand, Pakistan, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Thailand, UK and USA

To promote economic development in South and South-East Asia.

25.  Group of Eight (G-8), 1975

Consists of the eight most industrialized nations of the world: the United States, Britain, France, Italy Canada, Japan, Germany and Russia (joined in 1998). In 1998, the G-7 was changed to G-8. Currently due to Ukraine crises,  Russia has been temporary suspended.

The heads of these countries meet annually to discuss economic matters and world political problems.

26.  G-15, 1990

India, Algeria, Argentina, Brazil, Egypt, Indonesia, Jamaica, Malaysia, Mexico Nigeria, Peru, Senegal, Venezuela, Yugoslavia and Zimbabwe. G-15 is the core group of G-77 and non-aligned nations. Later Kenya, Sri Lanka, Iran and Colombia were admitted to G-15, making it a group of 19 members, though there is no change in the nomenclature of the group.

The heads of these countries meet annually to discuss economic matters and world political problems.

27.  Group of 77, 1964

The group comprises 133 developing countries from Asia, Africa and Latin America. The latest America. The latest to join is South Africa in 1994.

To protect and defend the economic and trade interests of the developing countries.

28.  Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC), 1989, Singapore

21 members, Chile, China, Hong Kong, Mexico, Papua New Guinea, Peru, Russia, Taiwan, Vietnam, United States, Canada, Japan, Australia, New Zealand, South Korea, Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore and Thailand

To promote multilateral trade and economic cooperation between member-states.

29.  Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) 1991, Minsk (Belarus)

It is made up of 10 (originally 12) of the 15 former Soviet constituent republics. Members in 1995 were Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Russia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, and Uzbekistan. In 2005, Turkmenistan discontinued permanent membership and is now an associate member. In 2008, Georgia withdrew from CIS.

It is created upto the disbanding of the Soviet Union. The Commonwealth is not in itself a state but an alliance of fully independent states. The CIS proclaimed itself as the successor to the erst-while USSR in some aspects of international law and affairs.

30.  Organization of Islamic Conference (OIC), 1969 Jeddah (Saudi Arabia)

It has 57 members including the PLO.

It aims to promote Islamic solidarity, cooperation in various areas of national development; Endeavour to eliminate racism; safeguard holy places, and contribute to world peace.

31.  Caribbean Community (CARIOCOM), 1973, Georgetown (Guyana)

Antigua and Barbuda, Bahamas, Haiti, St Vincent and the Grenadines, Suriname, and Barbados, Belize, Dominica, Grenada, Guyana, Jamaica, Montserrat, S Kitts-Nevis, St Lucia, Trinidad and Tobago.

To coordinate economic policies and development of member states and to aid the less-developed member countries.

32.  Central American Common Market (CACM), 1960, Guatemala City

Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras and Nicaragua.

Aims at central American integration, equalization of import duties and chargers and uniform control on foreign investment3.

33.  Indian Ocean Rim Association for Regional Cooperation (IOR-ARC), 1995 but launched in 1997, Port Louis (Mauritius)

Total 14 members. India, Mauritius South Africa, Australia, Singapore, Oman, Kenya, Malaysia, Indonesia, Sri Lanka, Yemen, Tanzania, Mozambique and Malagasy

To promote regional economic cooperation.

34.  Bay of Bengal initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation (BIMSTEC), 2004 Bangkok (Thailand)

Total 7 members, Bangladesh, India, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Myanmar, Bhutan and Nepal

To promote technical and economic cooperation. From 1997 to 2003, the forum was known as BIMST-EC.

35.  Developing Eight (D-8), 1997

Turkey, Pakistan, Indonesia, Iran, Bangladesh, Egypt, Malaysia and Nigeria

To promote economic cooperation, to fight poverty.

36.  Eurasian Economic Community, 2001

Russia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Belarus, and Tajikistan. Uzbekistan joined in


To promote regional economic co-operation

37.  Shanghai Cooperation Organization, 2001, Beijing

China, Russia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan

To fight ethnic and religious militancy and promote trade and investment in the area.

38.  Nordic Council, 1952, Copenhagen (Denmark)

Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden

To promote co-operation between parliaments and governments of Nordic States.

39.  Medecins Sans Frontiers (MSF) (Doctors without Borders), 1971, Brussels (Belgium)

Established by a group of French Doctors and has offices in 20 countries

It is the first non-governmental and non-military organization not specializes in international humanitarian aid and emergency medical assistance.

40.  Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU), 1889, Geneva (Switzerland)

144 members and 5 associate members.

To foster contacts, coordination and the exchange of experience among parliaments and parliamentarians of all the countries.

41.  Gulf Co-operation Council (GCC), 1981, Riyad (Saudi Arabia)

Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, UAE, Oman, Qatar and Bahrain.


42.  Organization of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries (OAPEC), 1968, Safat (Kuwait)

Algeria, Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Tunisia (suspended) and UAE.

To build an integrated petroleum industry as a cornerstone for future economic integration amongst Arab countries.

43.  International Tele communications Satellite Organization (INTELSAT), 1954, Washington

It has 148 members states

To provide international telephone and TV services, a digital data transmission service, a business service and domestic telecommunications services. It was founded to own and operate the world-wide commercial communications satellite system. In 2001, Intelsat became a private company - "Intelsat, Ltd."

44.  World Economic Forum
(WEF), 1971, Geneva. Annual meeting usually held in Davos (Switzerland)

People from all over the world attend the Annual Meeting, including business leaders, members of civil society organizations and media, academicians, scientists and policy-makers.

To improve the state of the world by engaging leaders in partnerships to shape global, regional and industry agendas. Its motto is 'entrepreneurship in the global public interest'. it was founded by Klaus M. Schwab, a business professor of Switzerland.

45.  Mercosur (Southern Common Market), 1991, Montevideo (Uruguay)

Brazil, Argentina, Uruguay, Venezuela, and Paraguay.

To promote the free movement of goods, capital, services and people among the members.

46.  BRICS in September 2006, four countries Brazil, Russia, India & China, in New York decided to form BRIC, final agreement was made at Yekaterinburg in Russia on 16th May 2008. First summit was held in 2009.

In 2010 South Africa joined it. 6th BRICS summit was held on 14th July 2014 at Fortaleza in Brazil. Major decision taken to form On 15 July, the group signed a document to create the US$100 billion New Development Bank (NDB) and a reserve currency pool worth an additional US$100 billion.[17] Documents on cooperation between BRICS export credit agencies and an agreement of cooperation on innovation were also signed. It will be headquartered in Shanghai, China.

The 7th BRICS summit will be the next annual summit of the head of states or government of the BRICS members states. It will be held in the Russian city of Ufa in Bashkortostan.


47.  SAARC it was formed on 8th December 1985, Headquarter Kathmandu, the idea of SAARC was given by Late President of Bangladesh, Hussain Ershad. In 2007 in New Delhi Afghanistan joined it, hence total numbers of member are India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Maldives, Bhutan and Afghanistan

17th SAARC summit was held in 2011 at Addu in Maldives. 18th summit at Kathmandu in Nepal November 2014.

19th summit will be held in 2015 at Islamabad in Pakistan.

SAFTA South Asia free trade agreement was formed in 2004 during XII summit at Islamabad in Pakistan. SAFTA came into force on 1st January 2006.

48.  Common Wealth                              The Commonwealth of Nations, commonly known as the Commonwealth (formerly the British Commonwealth), is an intergovernmental organisation of 53 member states that were mostly territories of the former British Empire. The Commonwealth operates by intergovernmental consensus of the member states, organised through the Commonwealth Secretariat, and non-governmental organisations, organised through the Commonwealth Foundation

Headquarters:- Marlborough House  London, United Kingdom



Official Language English

Head Queen Elizabeth II

Secretary-General Kamalesh Sharma

Chairperson in office : Mahinda Rajapaksa

Member countries 53


Balfour Declaration 19 November 1926

Statute of Westminster 11 December 1931

London Declaration 28 April 1949



Fiji's suspension was lifted in September 2014. The Commonwealth Ministerial Action Group fully reinstated Fiji as a member following elections in September 2014.

The summit which was originally designated to be hosted by Mauritius, was given instead to Malta when the Mauritian Prime Minister Navin Ramgoolam refused to attend the CHOGM 2013 over the human rights situation prevailing in the host country, Sri Lanka, and thus withdrew as the host of the 2015 summit as protocol had required him to attend the summit in order to personally invite other member states

49.  East Asia Summit The East Asia Summit (EAS) is a forum held annually by leaders of, initially, 16 countries in the East Asian region. Membership expanded to 18 countries including the United States and Russia at the Sixth EAS in 2011. EAS meetings are held after annual ASEAN leaders' meetings. The first summit was held in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia on 14 December 2005.

18 countries in the East Asian region.  Australia, Brunei, Cambodia, China, India, Indonesia, Japan,  Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, New Zealand, Philippines, Russia, Singapore, South Korea, Thailand, United States, Vietnam