BIODIVERSITY TEST PAPER
1. Which year has been named International Year of Biodiversity by the United Nations?
1. 2005 2. 2008 3. 2010
2. The word "biodiversity" is a combination of which two words?
1. Biology and diversity
2. Biomass and diversity
3. Biosphere and diversity
3. How many orangutans disappear each year as result of palm oil farming?
1. 100 2. 500 3. 5000
4. How many million hectares of forest are destroyed each year around the world?
1. Approximately 10 million
2. Approximately 13 million
3. Approximately 15 million
5. What is the Green and Blue Corridor?
1. A car-free lane for the tram system
2. A commitment by the Grenelle Environnement aimed at protecting existing natural areas and re-establishing ecological continuity in places where it has disappeared
3. A map showing the location of the Earth's exotic species
6. What does the term "locavore" mean?
1. A bacteria
2. An endangered species
3. The consumer who eats only locally grown food products
7. Which percentage of the world's population is still dependent upon "home-made" remedies produced from herbs and plants?
1. 25% 2. 50% 3. 75%
8. What is the name of the French plan designed to bring about a 50% reduction in the use of pesticides within 10 years?
1. The "Eco-phyto" plan
2. The "Pure eau" plan
3. The "Eco l'eau" plan
9. On the IUCN 2011 red list, how many species are threatened with extinction and listed as such?
1. Fewer than 400
2. Approximately 10,000
3. Approximately 19,000
10. How many species are under threat in mainland France?
1. Around 10
2. Around 100
3. A thousand
11. What is France's global ranking in terms of the number of animal species under threat?
1. 22 2. 12 3. 8
12. When did the last female Alpine ibex disappear in the Pyrénées ?
1. 1980 2. 2000 3. 2010
13. Forests are home to what percentage of the world's biodiversity?
1. 80% 2. 50% 3. 20%
14. What proportion of plants need bees to pollinate?
1. 50% 2. 60% 3. 80%
15. The Ozone layer saves from lethal UV. It mainly absorbs-
(a) UV-A b) UV-B (c) UV-A & B (d) UV-B & C
16. __________ are not native to a particular area, and can upset the balance of the ecosystem.
(a) Exotic species
(b) Ultraviolet waves
(d) Reintroduction programs
17. What is the difference between a threatened species and an endangered species?
(a) A threatened species means that the population is likely to become endangered An endangered species has population numbers so low that it is likely to become extinct
(b) A threatened species is already extinct. An endangered species means that the population's numbers have increased greatly over the last 5 years
(c) A threatened species means that the population is likely to become endangered.An endangered species is already extinct
(d) A threatened species and an endangered species are the same thing
18. Which of these programs is used to preserve a species facing extinction?
(a) edge effects
(b) sustainable use
(c) natural resources
(d) captive breeding
19. Which of the following countries has the highest biodiversity?
a. Brazil b. South Africa c. Russia d. India
20. Which of the following is not a cause for loss of biodiversity?
a. Destruction of habitat
b. Invasion by alien species
c. Keeping animals in zoological parks
d. Over-exploitation of natural resources
21. Which of the following is not an invasive alien species in the Indian context?
22. Where among the following will you find pitcher plant?
a. Rain forest of North-East India
c. Thar Desert
d. Western Ghats
23. Which one of the following is not a major characteristic feature of biodiversity hot spots?
a. Large number of species
b. Abundance of endemic species
c. Large number of exotic species
d. Destruction of habitat
24. Match the animals given in column A with their location in column B:
Column A Column B
(i) Dodo (a) Africa
(ii) Quagga (b) Russia
(iii) Thylacine (c) Mauritius
(iv) Stellar's sea cow (d) Australia
Choose the correct match from the following:
(a) i-a, ii-c, iii-b, iv-d
(b) i-d, ii-c, iii-a, iv-b
(c) i-c, ii-a, iii-b, iv-d
(d) i-c, ii-a, iii-d, iv-b
25. What is common to the following plants: Nepenthes, Psilotum, Rauwolfia and Aconitum?
a. All are ornamental plants
b. All are phylogenic link species
c. All are prone to over exploitation
d. All are exclusively present in the Eastern Himalayas.
26. The one-horned rhinoceros is specific to which of the following sanctuary
a. Bhitar Kanika
d. Corbett park
27. Amongst the animal groups given below, which one has the highest percentage of endangered species?
28. Which one of the following is an endangered plant species of India?
a. Rauwolfia serpentine
b. Santalum album (Sandal wood)
c. Cycas beddonei
d. All of the
29. What is common to Lantana, Eichhornia and African catfish?
a. All are endangered species of India.
b. All are key stone species.
c. All are mammals found in India.
d. All the species are neither threatened nor indigenous species of India.
30. The extinction of passenger pigeon was due to:
a. Increased number of predatory birds.
b. Over exploitation by humans.
c. Non-availability of the food.
d. Bird flu virus infection.
31. Which of the following statements is correct?
a. Parthenium is an endemic species of our country.
b. African catfish is not a threat to indigenous catfishes.
c. Steller's sea cow is an extinct animal.
d. Lantana is popularly known as carrot grass.
32. Among the ecosystem mentioned below, where can one find maximum biodiversity?
c. Coral reefs
d. Alpine meadows
33. Which of the following forests is known as the 'lungs of the planet Earth'?
a. Tiaga forest
b. Tundra forest
c. Amazon rain forest
d. Rain forests of North East India
34. The active chemical drug reserpine is obtained from:
35. Which of the following group of plants exhibit more species diversity?
36. Which of the below mentioned regions exhibit less seasonal variations?
d. Both (a) & (b)
37. The historic convention on Biological Diversity held in Rio de Janeiro in 1992 is known as:
a. CITES Convention
b. The Earth Summit
c. G-16 Summit
d. MAB Programme
38. What is common to the techniques (i) in vitro fertilisation, (ii) Cryopreservation and (iii) tissue culture?
a. All are in situ conservation methods.
b. All are ex situ conservation methods.
c. All require ultra modern equipment and large space.
d. All are methods of conservation of extinct organisms.
39. Which of the following statement is incorrect?
A. Salim Ali center for Ornithology and Natural History situated in Coimbatore.
B. In India, maximum e-waste generated by Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh & Uttar Pradesh.
C. In India, maximum e-waste generated by Mumbai, Delhi, Bangalore
D. Himalaya Forest Research Institute located at Dehradun.
40. Which of the following is incorrectly matched?
A. Tropical Forest Research Institute 1. Jabalpur
B. Rain Forest Research Institute 2. Jorhat
C. Centre for Animals and Environment 3. Chennai
D. Center for Environment Education 4. Ahmedabad
41. Which of the following statement is incorrect?
A. CFC is permitted to be used in meter dose inhaler for respiratory disease
B. In Cancun summit decision was taken to setup climate fund, technology mechanism, an adaptation framework.
C. National Ganga river basin authority constituted in 2010 under the chairmanship of Prime Minister to clean river Ganga and it will ensure that by 2020 no untreated municipal sewage and industrial effluents flow into Ganga.
D. First session of the Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee Meeting (INC-I) on mercury held on June 7-11, 2010 in Stockholm, Sweden.
ANSWER SHEET OF BIODIVERSITY TEST PAPER
2. Biology and diversity
4. Approximately 13 million
5. A commitment by the Grenelle Environnement aimed at protecting existing natural areas and re-establishing ecological continuity in places where it has disappeared
6. The consumer who eats only locally grown food products
8. The "Eco-phyto" plan
9. Approximately 19,000
10. Around 100